Visual-perceptual training with acquisition of the observed motor pattern contributes to greater improvement of visual anticipation.

This experiment investigated the contribution of visual and additive motor experience to improvement of visual anticipation. Club cricket batters were randomized into (a) a visual-perceptual group that received temporal occlusion training (n = 13), (b) a visuomotor group that received temporal occlusion training coupled with motor pattern practice of the observed bowler’s action (n = 13), and (c) a no-training control group (n = 13). They completed a fast bowler video-based temporal occlusion prepost anticipation test, as well as a transfer temporal occlusion test that included different fast and slow bowlers. Results indicated visual-perceptual and visuomotor groups equally improved pick up of advance cues across prepost tests. Additive motor pattern practice for the visuomotor group facilitated superior anticipation through earlier pick up of advance information across the transfer tests. No improvement was found for the control group. The findings indicate that visual and combined motor experience facilitates learning, but additive motor experience facilitates superior transfer. Findings have implications for theoretical and applied knowledge to develop anticipation skill. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)