The trauma of discrimination: Posttraumatic stress in Muslim American college students.

Muslim Americans have been increasingly the targets of discrimination. Whereas prior research suggests that higher perceived discrimination is associated with more severe symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in various minority groups, only 1 prior study has explored this topic among Muslim Americans. The current study included 145 Muslim American college students and assessed PTSD symptoms in reference to both participants’ self-identified worst lifetime Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) trauma and lifetime discrimination. Higher past-year perceived discrimination was associated with more severe DSM trauma- and discrimination-related PTSD symptoms. No significant differences were detected in the severity of overall DSM trauma- and discrimination-related PTSD symptoms, or in key predictors of each outcome; however, participants reported significantly more severe intrusion symptoms in reference to their worst DSM trauma than to discrimination. The results suggest that discrimination can trigger PTSD symptoms directly and exacerbate PTSD symptoms related to traumatic events as defined in the DSM. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)