Article Correctness Is Author's Responsibility: “Divergent personality structures of brown (<em>Sapajus apella</em>) and white-faced capuchins (<em>Cebus capucinus</em>)”: Correction to Robinson et al. (2016).

The article below may contain offensive and/or incorrect content.

Reports an error in "Divergent personality structures of brown (Sapajus apella) and white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus)" by Lauren M. Robinson, F. Blake Morton, Marieke C. Gartner, Jane Widness, Annika Paukner, Jennifer L. Essler, Sarah F. Brosnan and Alexander Weiss (Journal of Comparative Psychology, 2016[Nov], Vol 130[4], 305-312). In the article, there is an error in several of the Tables in the Results. The coefficients related to Attentiveness were unintentionally reversed-scored. As these associations were not significant, this error had no effect on the interpretation of the results. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2016-39633-001.) One way to gain insights into personality evolution is by comparing the personality structures of related species. We compared the personality structure of 240 wild white-faced capuchin monkeys to the personality structure of 100 captive brown capuchin monkeys. An ancillary goal was to test the degree to which different personality questionnaires yielded similar personality dimensions. Both species were rated on a common set of 26 antonym pairs. The brown capuchin monkeys were also rated on the 54-item Hominoid Personality Questionnaire. Our cross-species comparisons revealed 3 personality dimensions—Assertiveness, Openness, and Neuroticism—shared by brown and white-faced capuchins, suggesting that these dimensions were present in the common ancestor of these species. Our comparison of the dimensions derived from the antonym pairs and the Hominoid Personality Questionnaire revealed that three common dimensions were identified by both questionnaires. In addition, the dimension Attentiveness was only identified using the Hominoid Personality Questionnaire. These results indicate that major features of capuchin personality are conserved and that the structure of some traits, such as those related to focus, persistence, and attention, diverged. Further work is needed to identify the evolutionary bases that led to the conservation of some dimensions but not others. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)